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Environmental Audit (EA) Environmental audit - an independent comprehensive, documented assessment of compliance with the subject of economic or other activity requirements, including standards and regulations, environmental protection, the requirements of international standards and make recommendations for improving such activities (pg.1 Federal Law on Environmental Protection Environment "). The purpose of environmental audit is to: promote the subjects of economic activity in the determination of their environmental policies, shaping priorities for the implementation of activities, including preventive, aimed at compliance with environmental requirements, as well as the establishment of a mechanism to implement effective environmental management and sustainable development The objectives of environmental audit is: * Justification of environmental strategy and policy of the company; * Setting priorities in the planning of environmental activities,


Environmental Audit (EA)

Environmental audit - an independent comprehensive, documented assessment of compliance with the subject of economic or other activity requirements, including standards and regulations, environmental protection, the requirements of international standards and make recommendations for improving such activities (pg.1 Federal Law on Environmental Protection Environment ").
The purpose of environmental audit is to: promote the subjects of economic activity in the determination of their environmental policies, shaping priorities for the implementation of activities, including preventive, aimed at compliance with environmental requirements, as well as the establishment of a mechanism to implement effective environmental management and sustainable development

The objectives of environmental audit is:

     * Justification of environmental strategy and policy of the company;
     * Setting priorities in the planning of environmental activities,
     * Identifying additional opportunities for its implementation;
     * Compliance with the subject of business environmental law;
     * Enhancing the effectiveness of regulatory impact subject of economic activity on the environment;
     * Reducing the risk of emergencies arising from environmental pollution.

The object of environmental audits are the economic and other activities, including the past associated with the impact on the environment, natural sites, as well as the results of such activities.

In conducting environmental audits checked the extent to which the process, activities, processes, products, systems and other criteria - environmental requirements, quantitative or qualitative indicators, established regulations of Russian Federation, regulations subjects of the Russian Federation, the regulations specifically.

The main search tool, analysis and ranking of ways to prevent and reduce environmental impact in the implementation of industry activity in the area of environmental management used an environmental audit.

 

Claims Legislation on environmental auditing (EA)

     * Federal Law of 10.01.2002 № 7-FZ «On protection of the environment (in art. 1 defines environmental audit)
     * Federal Law of 04.05.1999 № 96-FZ «On protection of air» (Article 27, paragraph .2 - supports ekoaudita at the request of state inspectors)
     * Russian Presidential Decree number 511 of 15.03.2000 city «About classifier regulations» (code 110,010,100 (080,160,000) (includes ekoaudit as an activity)
     * Order of the Russian Federation State Committee 16.07.1998 № 436 «On the practical work on the introduction of environmental auditing in the Russian Federation»
     * Gosstandartom Russia adopted a series of standards GOST R ISO 14000 to create a system of environmental audit

The legislative framework for environmental audit in Moscow and Moscow region

     * Resolution of the Government of Moscow from 22.07.2003 № 568-PP "On approval of the Interim provisions on environmental auditing system in the city of Moscow, the Provisional Order of the environmental audit, criteria organizations in Moscow were recommended to conduct environmental audits;
     * Decision of the Government of Moscow on 28.08.2002, № 693-PP introduced obyazat.elny environmental audit organizations byudzhetopoluchateley;
     * Decision of the Government of the Moscow region of 24.10.2002 town № 487/42 introduced a mandatory environmental audit of regional GDP;
     * Law in Moscow from 11 April, 2001 N 12 "On privatization of state and municipal property of Moscow (amended. As amended. Dated 13 February 2002)

 

The content of environmental audit (EA)

The subject of environmental audit is:

     * Activities related to environmental protection, environmental management;
     * State of the environment at the production or natural objects;
     * Governance environment;
     * Compliance with environmental law and environmental requirements;
     * Use of resources;
     * Process of waste management;
     * The financial risk of liability for breach of allowable exposure, etc.

Types of environmental audits:

     * Environmental audit for the industry;
     * Environmental audit of investment projects;
     * Environmental audit insurance;
     * Environmental auditing in the privatization, a change of ownership;
     * Environmental audit licensed activities;
     * Environmental audit of quality management system environment (GOST R ISO 14000);
     * Environmental audits in the study, use, development, protection and reproduction of natural resources (land, water, forests);
     * Environmental audit cycle of waste production and consumption;
     * Activities Ecological environmental audit.

 

The documents for the environmental audit (EA):

    1. Information on the site (which will be built on the site allowed, as will be water, kanalizovanie, heat, gas, electricity, tap storm sewage; availability of greenery at the site, the availability of temporary buildings or residential buildings on the site, the distance to the nearest residential building, availability of water, rivers, forests, wells, etc.)
    2. Tentative agreement on the proposed activity with the Authority (the letter order, decree).
    3. Act Electoral Commission allocation of the design of the facility.

 

PROCEDURE Environmental auditing (EA)

Defining objectives and conditions

     * Clarifying the purpose and conditions of EA
     * The definition of objects EA

An analysis of available data and the development of EA

     * The collection of data
     * An analysis of available data, including laws and regulations
     * The definition of the criteria used in EA
     * The preliminary selection techniques for use in EA
     * Develop audit forms, filling its forces audiruemogo entity (enterprise)
     * Identification of priority sites and the development of EA

Finding solutions

     * Data collection and analysis (including a survey by the territory / Industrial, interviews, analysis, documentation)
     * To identify existing problems
     * Assessing the relevance and ranking of the problems identified by priority
     * Isolation and analysis of the causes of problems

Identifying and ranking problems

     * Find ways to reduce exposure, compensatory measures, alternative technical and organizational solutions
     * Prepare a brief report, the discussion of interim results with management
     * The choice of alternative solutions for preventing exposure to the orbital
     * The most effective measures to reduce impacts and compensation

Development of recommendations for the implementation of decisions

     * Develop recommendations on the use of alternative technical and organizational decisions, actions to mitigate / compensate impacts
     * Develop a system for monitoring the implementation of measures to mitigate / compensate impacts
     * Prepare audit report

The decision on the implementation of the Customer

     * The decision of the customer on the implementation of the recommendations EA
     * Setting environmental goals

Implementation of the recommendations

     * Develop goals and action program
     * Implementation of the recommendations of the EA forces
     * Consultations with the development and introduction of technical and organizational solutions

Testing the effectiveness of decisions

     * Production environmental monitoring and control
     * Periodic EA
     * State Environmental monitoring and control, environmental control



Опубликовано: 04.01.2009
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