Maximum allowable emission (draft VAT) - this is the standard release of harmful (polluting) substances into the air, which is set for stationary sources of air pollution, taking into account the technical standards of emissions and ambient air pollution, if not exceeded this source of health and environmental quality standards air, the limit (critical) stresses on ecological systems and other environmental regulations. According to Russian environmental legislation all legal entities that are stationary sources of emissions of harmful (polluting) substances into the air, are obliged to provide an inventory of emissions of harmful (polluting) substances into the air and the drafting of allowable emissions (draft VAT). Projects designed Ltd. "1-Y CONSULTING CENTER News from Rostechnadzor project PDV: «On approval of the issuance of permits for emissions of the harmful (polluting) substances into the air» (Rostekhnadzor order of 19 Feb, 2007 N 84)
Maximum allowable emission (draft VAT) - this is the standard release of harmful (polluting) substances into the air, which is set for stationary sources of air pollution, taking into account the technical standards of emissions and ambient air pollution, if not exceeded this source of health and environmental quality standards air, the limit (critical) stresses on ecological systems and other environmental regulations.
According to Russian environmental legislation all legal entities that are stationary sources of emissions of harmful (polluting) substances into the air, are obliged to provide an inventory of emissions of harmful (polluting) substances into the air and the drafting of allowable emissions (draft VAT).
Projects designed Ltd. "1-Y CONSULTING CENTER
News from Rostechnadzor project PDV:
«On approval of the issuance of permits for emissions of the harmful (polluting) substances into the air» (Rostekhnadzor order of 19 Feb, 2007 N 84)
«On approval of instruction on the organization of the Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision on issuing permits for emissions and discharges of pollutants, sets limits on emissions and discharges» (Rostekhnadzor order of 20 Feb., 2007 N 87)
Claims to the Draft Legislation PDV:
The RF Law "On Protection of Atmospheric Air, 04.05.1999g number 96-FZ.
GOST 17.0.0.01-76. The system of standards for the protection of nature and improvement of natural resources. The main provisions.
GOST 17.2.1.01-76. Atmosphere. Classification of emissions on the composition.
GOST 17.2.1.04-77. Nature. Atmosphere. Metrological aspects of pollution and industrial emissions. The main terms and definitions.
GOST 17.2.3.02-78. Nature. Atmosphere. The rules establish allowable emissions by industry. Moscow, publishing standards, 1979, 14 pp.
GOST 17.2.4.02-81. Nature. Atmosphere. General requirements for how to determine the pollutants.
GOST. 17.2.3.01-78. Nature. Atmosphere. The rules controlling air quality settlements. Introduced to the city 01.01.79 Publishing Standards, 1979, 4.
SNiP 2.01.01-82. Construction climatology and geophysics.
SNiP 245-71. Building design industry.
Fund-86. The method for calculating concentrations in the atmosphere of harmful substances in emissions. Goskomgidromet, LA, Gidrometeoizdat, 1987.
Fund-90. Guide to control sources of air pollution. Part 1.Sankt Petersburg, VNIIOPZD, 1991. 98.
RD 50-210-80. Methodological guidelines for the implementation of GOST 17.2.3.02-78. Nature. Atmosphere. The rules establish PDV harmful substances industry.
RD 52.04.52-85. Guidance Document. Methodological guidelines. The regulation of emissions from adverse weather conditions. Novosibirsk, 1986. Leningrad, 1987.
Recommendations on design and content of the draft standards for allowable emissions into the atmosphere (VAT) for businesses. M., 1889.
Methodological guidelines on calculating the quantitative characteristics of emission pollutants into the atmosphere from the main production equipment businesses pischekontsentratnoy industry Gipropischeprom, M., 1993.
Compendium of methods for calculating emissions into the atmosphere pollutants various industries. Gidrometeoizdat, 1986.
Typical instructions for the system of control of industrial emissions into the atmosphere in the industry. Novosibirsk, 1987.
Methods of calculating the allocation of harmful substances into the air technological equipment in the chemical industry. Moscow, Chemistry, 1982.
The method of inventory of emissions into the atmosphere for the road. JARI, 1998.
The methodology for calculating emissions (emissions) of pollutants into the atmosphere from livestock farms and zveroferm (on the values of specific indicators). St. Petersburg, "Integral", 1999.
Methodological guidelines on the emission of pollutants into the atmosphere from reservoirs. Russian State Committee for Environmental Protection, 1997
The methodology for calculating emissions (emissions) of pollutants into the atmosphere during welding work (on the basis of specific indicators). NII protection of air, "Integral", 1997
The methodology for calculating emissions (emissions) of pollutants into the atmosphere when Coating Materials (based on specific selections). NII protection of air, "Integral", 1997
The methodology for calculating emissions (emissions) of pollutants into the atmosphere when machining metals (based on specific indicators). NII protection of air, "Integral", 1997
SNiP 2.07.01-89 building regulations. Urban planning. The planning and development of urban and rural settlements. Moscow 1989
The content of the draft VAT:
The structure of the draft VAT is composed of the following topics:
The introduction is a list of basic documents on which developed that PDV.
2. General information about the enterprise
This section provides:
Mailing address, the number of promploschadok, vzaimoraspolozhenie businesses and bordering with the characteristics of objects - residential areas, industrial parks, forests, farmland, transportation hubs, etc.
Map of the injury to her sources of emissions into the atmosphere.
Situation Map areas of showing its borders sanitary protection zones, residential territory, recreation, observation posts for air pollution.
3. Characteristics of enterprises as a source of the atmosphere
The composition section includes:
Brief description of production technology and production equipment (description of products, the main feedstock costs main and reserve fuel) in terms of air pollution. At the same time takes account of the emission of pollutants generated in the process, as well as the chemical transformation of discarded materials.
Brief description of existing plants, gas purification, enlarged analysis of their technical status and performance.
Assessing the extent to which the applied technology, equipment pylegazoochistnogo best scientific and technical level in the country and abroad.
Prospects for the development or rehabilitation of the company.
The list of pollutants emitted into the atmosphere in schedules.
Characteristics of accidental releases of the table also provides a brief description of the conditions under which a potential accident and salvo emissions.
Options emissions for calculating the VAT from both the formal and informal sources of emissions into the atmosphere seem to meet the requirements of Annex 3 to GOST 17.2.3.02-78.
Justification for the completeness and accuracy of baseline data taken for the calculation of VAT. In doing so, describe where extracted raw data - from magazines primary accounting, a form of statistical reporting 2TP-air, obtained measurements, calculated or balance method.
For information on the impact of pollutants to water, soil, vegetation, population health.
4. The calculation and determination of standards PDV
The composition section includes:
The name of the program used for calculating air pollution.
The meteorological characteristics and the factors that determine the conditions of dispersion of pollutants.
The calculations of air pollution on the current situation and taking into account the prospects for development carried out in accordance with the OND-86, situational map, causing them isolines calculated concentrations, the maximum surface concentration in the residential area and the border sanitary protection zone; list Sources give the largest contribution to the level of atmospheric pollution in the form of a table.
Proposals for the standard VAT for each source and ingredients listed in the table
5. If the locality of air pollutants exceed the MPC, developed a plan of action to reduce emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere. The plan of action executed on the form below:
The rationale for the possibility of achieving the standard VAT with the use of low-waste technologies and other planned activities, including redevelopment or reduce output.
We give a clarification of sanitary protection zones.
The number of people living in the sanitary protection zone and the territory to be included in the sanitary protection zone.
6. Activities to regulate emissions under adverse weather conditions
The composition of this section shall contain:
The plan of action to reduce emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere during periods of adverse weather conditions (see Section 14.4).
Common characteristics of the discharge of harmful substances in the NMU of the name of the shop (the site), the number of emission sources and its height, emission under normal weather conditions and with different modes NMU (see Section 14.4).
Short description of each event, taking into account the actual conditions of exploitation of technological equipment (the essence of the technology necessary calculations and justification of technology).
Justification for a possible range of emissions for each event.
Plan for the control of emissions into the atmosphere during periods of adverse weather conditions.
7. Monitoring compliance with standards in the enterprise:
Companies for which the VAT (VSV), should organize a system to monitor PDV (VSV). When verification of the VAT (VSV), the principal must be direct methods, using measurements of harmful substances and the volume of air / gas mixture after the gas installations or locations of direct allocation of substances into the atmosphere. To improve the reliability of control over the PDV (VSV), as well as the impossibility of applying the direct method using balance sheet, technology and other methods.
Monitoring compliance with standards for PDV in the enterprise is divided into the following types:
Controls on the emission sources;
Control of air pollution on the border sanitary protection zones or in the residential area of town.
In monitoring compliance with regulations PDV directly to the sources of pollution is a list of substances subject to control. A list of techniques that are used or will be used for monitoring compliance with established standards for emissions. Separately is a list of substances for which no standard method.
In the case of irrationality or the inability to determine emissions analytical techniques provides the rationale for the use of account balance method, emission, etc.
Plan for monitoring compliance with regulations PDV (VSV) on emission sources are expressed in the table: Plan for the control of the enterprise compliance with the regulations PDV (VSV) for emission sources and control points (positions)
Monitoring compliance with standards VAT on the actual air pollution by at selected check-points only to large enterprises with a large number of sources of fugitive emissions. Control values surface concentrations of pollutants are expressed in the table:
Control values surface concentrations of harmful substances to control standards PDV (VSV) for the current and past years.
We give suggestions on the organization to monitor compliance with regulations PDV own business or on a contractual basis
The documents for project development PDV:
1. Summary of production, states and the structure of describing the purpose and characteristics of all facilities (industrial and commercial units, plots, shops, teams, offices, departments, buildings, structures, etc.).
2. Details of the company.
3. Map enterprise, situational Map of the enterprise.
4. State registration certificate business. person.
5. Lease a certificate of ownership in land, buildings, facilities and installations.
6. Help on the cost of raw materials and supplies for the year.
7. The list of technological equipment.
8. Description of the process (detailed).
9. Availability pylegazoochistnogo equipment (PGU), a passport at PSU, productivity, etc.
10. The scheme ventilation and air conditioning with the diameter, the height of the pipes, fans and stamp their productivity, the number of working hours per day, etc.).
11. Help on the vehicles in the balance of showing the brand, the number of planned mileage, parking places their (storage), maintenance and repair.
12. Qualification Certificate of Education responsible for the ecological environment in the enterprise.
13. An earlier draft of pollutant emissions (if any).
The procedure, the draft VAT:
To develop the draft regulations limit emissions (draft VAT) in the first stage of consultation, a preliminary inventory of sources of education and allocating to air pollutants, determined the approximate range of pollutants and emissions. Then, the object in the sanitary protection zones.
Alignment of the timing of the works and their value tended to finally agree with the employer on these data, and fixed in the contract for the development and harmonization of VAT and volume permit the emission of pollutants.
The draft regulations limit emissions (draft VAT) agreed to «Gostehnadzore» appropriate subject of the Russian Federation after the preliminary agreement in Rospotrebnadzore (sometimes may require harmonization and other structures, or vice versa, approval of the draft in some structures may be unnecessary).
On the basis of an agreed draft regulations PDV permission is given on emissions of pollutants into the air for up to five years.
Term project development standards for allowable emissions (draft VAT) may be from 1 to 6 months, depending on the complexity of work, type and location of the facility.